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What is safety programme? This type of 50 Basic questions with answer for safety officer (part-01)

1. What is Safety ?
 It is a condition which gives you freedom from hazard, risk, accident which may cause
injury, damage and loss to material or property damage and even death.
 Safety is defined as freedom from those condition that can cause injury to persons
including death or damage to property or environment.
2. What is accident ?
 It is an unexpected or unplanned event which may or may not result in injury or damage
or property loss or death.
3. What is injury ?
 It is defined as a harmful condition sustained by the body as a result of an accident.
4. What is hazard ?
 Inherent property of a substance or an occurrence which has potential to cause loss or
damage property, person or environment.
5. What is risk ?
 In probability of the realization of potential for loss or damage or injury.
6. What is incident?
 It is an event which represents deviation from the intended sequence of designed steps.
7. What is safety policy?
 Any company has a social and legal obligation to provide a safe and health working
environment to all his improvement to all his employees.
8. What is safety audit?
 The safety audit is the process that identifies un-safe conditions and unsafe acts the plant
and recommended safety improvement.Walk through It evaluates the unsafe condition
notice able to naked eye during work through the plant. ( Stores, civil work, erection
work) Inter mediate-more details study and review of plant design and plant operation.
Comprehensive –It evaluates the safety factors in the plant on the base engineering,
analysis, testing, measurement.
9. What is safety tag?
 Safety tag can be defined a surface made of card board or paper board on which English
local languages letters written for warning safety instructions to employees.
10. What is safety programme?
 Safety programme can be defined as five methods by which accident can be prevent
easily they are engineering, education, enforcement, enthusiasm and example safety
programmes are plain spoken and carry out certain legal steps.
11. What is attitude?
 Attitude may be described as continuous behavior . if man’s behavior is good, then his
action will be either correct or safe.
12. what is emergency planning?
 Emergency planning can defined as a control measurer. It can control the accidents safe
guard people and provide information to media.
13. What is work permit system?
 Work permit system is a “ written documents” for permission to undertake a job by area
in charge or it is written document issued by the area in charge to the performer to under
take the specific job.
14. What is work at height?
 Any work above 2 meters from ground is caused work at height.
15. What is confined space?
 An area which is small and enclosed or an area where one entry and exits or where a man
cannot work comfortable in any location is caused confined space.
16. What is excavation?
 Marking a hole or tunnel by digging the ground by man or machine is called excavation.
17. What is scaffolding?
 It is a temporary platform constructed for supporting both men and materials and working
safety at a construction site.
18. What is welding?
 The process of joining of metals either by electrical or by gas is called welding.
19. What is gas cutting ?
 The process of joining of cutting metals by using oxygen and combustible gas is called
gas cutting.
20. What is sand blasting?
 The process of removing rust dust, dirt, scales and old prints from the old surface using
compressed air is called sand blasting.
21. What is painting?
 The process after sand blasting is called painting .
22. What is LEL?
 The minimum concentration of vapour, gasses and dust in air below which propagation of
flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called LEL.
23. What is UEL?
 The maximum proportion of vapour, gasses and dust in air above which proposal the
flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called UEL.
24. What is manual handing?
 The process of lifting, carrying and stacking materials by men is called manual handing.
25. What is house keeping?
 House keeping means not only cleanness but also orderly arrangement of operations,
tools, equipments storage facilities and suppliers.
26. What is personal protective equipment?
 It is an equipments used to project the person from hazards such dust, dirt, fumes and
sparks etc. It is the barrier between hazard and person.
27. What is grinding?
 Grinder is a portable machine with a wheel guard in position to reduced the danger.
28. What is Crane?
 A tall machine used for moving heavy objects by suspending them from a projecting arm
with hook.
29. What is fork lift truck?
 Fork lift truck are designed to handle heavy loads.
30. What is JSA?
 The procedure of analyzing job for the specific purpose of finding the hazards and
developing .
31. What are the duties of a safety officer?
 Prepare tool box talk
 Prepare monthly statistics
 Prepare the checklist
 Accident reports
 Management meetings
 Arrange the safety classes/training
 Arrange monthly safety bulletin
 Inspection of fire extinguisher
 Arrange first aid training classes
 Arrange safety competitions like quiz, slogan, poster competitions exhibition etc.
32. What are the duties of a supervisor?
 He has to instruct this workers about the work methods and procedures.
 He has to maintain discipline among the workers
 He has to supply necessary materials
 He has to control quality and cost of the job
 He has to guide has workers in doing a job in the correct and safe way
 He has to supply suitable personal protective equipment to his workers
 He should conduct periodical safety meetings.
 He should conduct safety inspection of his working area
 He should know about the fire fight equipments
 He should know investigate the accident and find out the cause of accident
33. What are the precautions for welding?
 1. Remove all combustion material from the place of welding
 2. Clear the work area and cover wooden floor with fire proof mats. ( Welding mechanic
should be kept with in the visibility of the welders.
 3. Erect fire resistance screen around the work
 4. All welding cables should be fully insulted
 5. All welding mics shall be double earthed
 6. Welding area should be dry and free from water
 7. Keep the fire extinguisher / sand really
 8. Use leather hand gloves, goggles and helmets
 9. Switch off the power when welding is stopped
 10. Do not allow the helper to do welding
 11. Do not shift he welding cable unless the electric power is switched off.
 12. Do not allow the helper to carry the welding. Terminal of the welding cables should
be provided 3-cable with lugs and kept tight.
 13. Oxygen hose in black and Acetylene hose in red in color as per standard
 14. NRV of the blow torches should be maintained properly avoid back fire
 15. Welders should be trained properly
 16. Cylinders should be stored in a cold dry place away bottom heat and direct sunlight.
 17. Proper house keeping, good ventilation in the working area
 18. Smoking should be avoided from welding area
 19. Hose connection should be proper made
 20. Barricade the work area and put a sign board
 21. Rolling of cylinders should be avoided
 22. Flash back arrestor should be attached in each cylinders
 23. Any leakage of cylinder should be kept separately
34. What is the precaution for gas cutting?
 1. Keep fire extinguisher nearby
 2. Keep fire watch near by
 3. Remove all combustible from work area
 4. Use all necessary PPE
 5. Never put welding gas cylinder in side a confined space
 6. Hoses shall not be laid in path ways
 7. Gas cutting torch should have flash back arrestors
 8. Gas test to be done to check for presence of flammable gas in site.
 9. Good house keeping and ventilation necessary in working area.
 10. Hose connections should be made properly
35. What are the precaution for “sandblasting”?
 1. Compressed airline, hoses and other fitting must installment firmly with out leaks the
 2. Mis use compress are should be avoided
 3. A fresh air hood or mask must be worn
 4. House keeping can be done periodcally
 5. Fire extinguish her shall be kept near by
 6. Dust mask ear plugs / muffs should be used
 7. No sand blasting shall be done on top of floating roof tank in service.
 8. Use goggles & face shield
 9. Sand blasting operation must be gas free
36. What are the precaution for “painting”?
 1. All flammable material should be cleared from the work area
 2. The required protective clothing and equipment must be worn
 3. Cartridge respirators shall always be worn
 4. Adequate ventilation is necessary
 5. Adequate washing facilities must be readily available
 6. Barrier cream should be applied to the skin
37. What are the hazards in welding?
 Eye injury
 Burn injury Arc realization
 Electrical shock Light arc radiation
 Heat, light and radiation effect Heat fume
 Poisonous gases Chipped price of weld metal
 Fire
 Explosion Scattering
 Noise Sparking
 Sparking
 Flying sand
38. What are hazards and injuries in manual handing?
 1. Cutting fingers due to sharp edges
 2. Burns due to handing of hot articles
 3. Foot injuries due to dropped articles
 4. Slipped disc due to improper posture in lifting on object
 5. Strains to wrist or fingers
 6. Sprains, wounds hernias, fractures
39. Cause of accidents in manual handling?
 1. Improper lifting
 2. Carrying too heavy loads
 3. Improper gripping
 4. Failure to use PPE
 5. Lifting greasy, oily and irregular objects
 6. Poor physique
40. What precautions are need to avoid accident in manhandling?
 1. Stand at safe distance from the load
 2. Sharp edge and burns are removed before lifting a material.
 3. PPE such as safety gloves and safety shoes are to be used.
 4. If the weight is too heavy for one person to lift, then he has to seek the assistance.
 5. The pathway is not blocked by obstacles while carrying the load.
 6. The different actions, movements and forces necessary while carrying the load.
 7. Modify the task by using hooks and crow bars.
 8. Mechanical equipments like cranes shall be used.
 9. Modify the objects
 10. Change the way things are used.
41. Tips for manuals handling?
 1. Plan
 2. Clear the path
 3. Move in close to the load
 4. Secure your grip
 5. Hold your head upright
 6. Maintain normal curves of the spine
 7. Power the lift with legs and body weight
 8. Don’t twist
42 Cause of accidents in mechanical handling?
 1. The sudden failure of wire rope or a chain
 2. Slipping of the load from the sling
 3. Swinging of the load at the time of lifting
 4. The load sometimes hits the man
43. What are the accidents in “poor house keeping”?
 1. Men getting hit by failing from overhead
 2. Men slipping as greasy, wet or dirty floor
 3. Men failing in open tank without cover in level floor
 4. Accidents due to poor lighting
 5. Fire accidents due to faulty electrical wires
44. What are the advantages in good house keeping?
 1. It helps in the reduction of accidents including fire accidents
 2. It saves the property damages
 3. It improves employee moral
 4. Better productivity
 5. Working area be-comes presentable
 6. Human energy is conserved
 7. Visitors are very much satisfied
 8. The burden of supervisor is reduced
45. How to care and maintenance of hand tools?
 1. Tools must be kept clean and free from corrosion
 2. Keep metal parts lightly oiled
 3. Remove burrs from edges of tools and heads of chisels.
 4. Tools which are not in used must be stored separately
 5. A good worker regularly inspects his tools
 6. Do not use tools without handles
46. How to prevent accidents of “power tools”?
 1. The operators should wear face shields or safety glasses
 2. Power tools should be placed in the store room after use
 3. power tools should have protected by guards
 4. Pneumatic hoses or electric cables of power tools should not pass through passage
 5. The electrical power tools should be properly earthed
 6. Never horse play with hose of pneumatic tools
 7. Power tools machines should be maintained and operated properly.
47. What are the causes of accidents of “hard tools”?
 1. Due to wrong way using of tools.
 2. Due to defective condition of tools
 3. Due to failure of using right tools for right job
 4. Due to wrong way of carrying tools
 5. Due to strong of tools unsafety
48 What precautions are necessary in electrical work?
 1. All electrical installations shall be as per Indian electricity rules
 2. Only competent persons should handle the electrical equipments
 3. The equipments should be earthed properly
 4. All temporary electric lines should be drawn at least above man’s height
 5. Cable should be completely insulted
 6. Cable should not have any joints
 7. Only connection for one point
 8. Good house keeping on the area
 9. Fire protection equipment to be kept near by
 10. Use rubber gloves and rubber boots
 11. Use good quality of wire
 12. Power isolation close to the job
 13. Use three pin plug instead of loose wire
 14. Never operate any electrical equipment with wet hands
 15. Never stand wet surface while working electrical equipments
 16. During thunder storm do not stand under tree
 17. Proper sign board is necessary
 18. No person shall work on any live electrical conductor
 19. The switch shall only be put on by person who switched it off
49. What are the hazards in construction?
 1. Fall of person from top and getting injured
 2. Fall of objects from top and below person injury
 3. Fall of materials from top and damaged
 4. Person fall into excavated pit
 5. Collapse of soil and below person get injury or may
 6. Damage of UG cables and sewage pipe
 7. Collapse of scaffolding and person fall from height, get injury
 8. Electrical shock
 9. Fire and explosion
 10. Burn injury
 11. Health and lung problems
 12. Snakes bite
 13. Poisonous gas
 14. Foreign body in eye
50. Cause of accident in construction?
 1. Erection equipment failure
 2. Falling of persons from height
 3. Electrical shocks
 4. Improper lighting
 5. Non stop working by worker
 6. Up safe work methods
 7. Collapsing of earth during trench excavation
 8. Failure of use safety equipment
 9. Working a height without safety belt

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